Some people believe that hip hop was founded by three DJs, tough these are just words and do not coincide to reality. Scratching may have existed since the phonographs. But only after a century somewhere in the year 1975 that scratching came into full realization when Theodore Livingstone, a teenage DJ, unintentionally scratched on his system following on a request to turn down the music. Later having more practices he successfully defined scratch’ by the backward and forth motion of his hand. The scratch was made public soon at a local club.
The next level for scratching came in the year 1981 when someone recorded the first DJ track ever. Scratching is a unique musical action and is only performed by a DJ. A DJ that performs different tricks involving scratches on a record is called a scratching DJ.
Kinds of scratches:
New and different scratch patterns are created from time to time. Below we will see some of its types and to know all about dj sctratching .
This scratch is performed without a crossfader and is simple of all. This involves simply moving the record in backward and forward motion.
The record is played in a back and forth motion and the equalizer setting is also changed from minimum to maximum that creates a pedal sound effect.
This is one of the hardest tricks to perform. The record is pushed forth while the crossfader makes the faded out sound. Again the record is pushed back while the crossfader fades in the sound.
Each time a DJ bounces off the crossfader, it generates a click’ sound. Flares are named according to the clicks. A single click flare involves a back and forth sound while the crossfader cuts it in the middle of playback. That creates two sounds. A double click flare will cut the sound twice.
Backward & forward scratch:
These are pretty simple scratches. The sound is played either from backward or forward completely. The crossfader cuts off the sound when the vocal portion finishes. It is also called a stab scratch.
While the DJ scratches the record with a hand, one or two fingers from the other hand are used to put pressure without stopping the record’s movement. A bassy sound will generate and the fingers will get bounced off the record.
Strobing sound effect:
It is a gentle trick done by using two same copies of the record. Both the records will play the exact same beats till the Dj adjusts one record to play a little behind the other. After the setup, the Dj moves the output back and forth using a crossfader. A strobing sound is thus created.
DJ’s all around the world have to master this unique and important skill and to create new types of scratching to keep the music alive. Scratching has been introduced on other genres of music like pop, jazz, rock and with some heavy metal rock. Sometimes scratching is also used on selected contemporary and classical music. DJ scratching is also used in electronic music like techno and trance.